Reprinted from the
Oregon Observer for April 1997
[Note: See Becraft on the Missing 13th. Forest ]
In 1983 David Dodge and Tom Dunn were searching for evidence of government corruption in public records in a Belfast Library on the coast of Maine. They uncovered probably the most explosive evidence ever uncovered in our history. They uncovered the United States Constitution printed in 1825, which was to prohibit lawyers from serving in Government.
1.) The unlawful removal of a ratified 13th Amendment from the US Constitution.
2.) The Amendment had been printed in at least 18 separate publications by 11 different states and territories from 1819 to 1868.
3.) The Amendment was secretly removed from documents by a group of lawyers and bankers. In its place was entered the slave Amendment, which was the 14th amendment, which was changed to the 13th Amendment. All of this occurred during the turmoil of the civil war.
4.) Since the Amendment was not lawfully repealed, it is still the law of the land.
5.) Colorado printed the correct 13th Amendment in 1668. [This probably should read 1868.]
The following is why the Amendment was written and what the meaning is: (Keep in mind we had just fought the Revolutionary War.) The "title of nobility" and words such as "nobility," "honour," "emperor," "king," "esquire" and "prince" normally would lead you, today, to dismiss this Amendment.
The "title of nobility" was prohibited in both Article VI of the Articles of Confederation (1777) and in Article I, Sec. 9 of the Constitution of the United States (1788). Although already prohibited by the Constitution, an additional "title of nobility" amendment was proposed in 1789, again in 1810 and was finally ratified in 1819 (The 13th Amendment to the constitution).
Here is the reason why. According to the Tennessee laws 1715-1820, Vol. 11, p. 774, in the 1794 Jay Treaty, the United States agreed to pay 600,000 pounds sterling to King George III, as reparations for the American Revolution. The Senate ratified the treaty in secret session and ordered that it not be published. When Benjamin Franklin's grandson published it, Congress was outraged and passed the Alien and Sedition Acts (1798) so Federal judges could prosecute editors and publishers for reporting the truth about the government. We had whipped the British and now our Senators had been bribed to serve the British Monarchy and betray the American people. That is subversion.
The United States Bank had been opposed by the Jeffersonians from the start, but the Federalists (the pro-monarch party) won out in its establishment. The initial capitalization was $10,000,000 with 80% owned by foreign bankers. Since the bank was authorized to lend up to $20,000,000 (double its paid capital) it was a profitable deal for both the government and the bankers, since they could lend and collect interest (usury) on $10,000,000 that did not exist.
The European bankers outfoxed the government and by 1796 the government owed the bank $6,200,000 and was forced to sell its shares. (By 1802, the U S government owned no stock in the United States Bank).
The power and ability of the banks to influence representative government by economic manipulation and outright bribery was exposed in 1811, when it was discovered European banking owned 80% of the bank. Congress refused to renew the bank charter, which led to the withdrawal of $7,000,000 by European investors. This caused a recession and the War of 1812.
There is a book in the Library of Congress Law Library called 2 VA LAW. This reveals the overthrow of the constitutional government by secret agreements engineered by the lawyers. That is one of the reasons for the 13th Amendment.
Seeking to rule the world and destroy the United States, bankers committed many crimes. To escape prosecution bankers hired and formed alliances with the best lawyers and judges money could buy. This alliance originally forged in Europe and Great Britain, spread to the colonies and into the newly formed United States of America.
Despite their criminal foundation, these alliances, forged in Europe, generated wealth and, ultimately, respectability. Like a modern unit of organized crime, English bankers and lawyers wanted to be admired as "legitimate businessmen." As their criminal fortunes grew, so did their usefulness. So the British monarch legitimized these thieves by granting them "titles of nobility."
Historically, the British peerage system referred to knights as "Esquires" and those who bore the knight's shields as "Esquires." As physical violence gave way to civilized means of theft, the pen grew mightier and more profitable. So those bankers and lawyers came to hold "titles of nobility." The most common title was "Esquire" as is used today by lawyers.
In Colonial America, attorneys trained attorneys but most held no "title of nobility" or "honor." There was no requirement that one be a lawyer to hold the position of district attorney, attorney general, or judge. A citizen's "counsel of choice" was not restricted to a lawyer and there was no state or federal bar association. The only organization that certified lawyers was the International Bar Association, chartered by the King of England, head-quartered in London, and closely associated with the international banking system. Lawyers admitted to the IBA received the rank of "Esquire," a "title of nobility."
"Esquire" was the principle title of nobility which the 13th Amendment sought to prohibit, thus prohibiting the holding of office in America by bankers' lawyers with an "Esquire" behind their names who were agents of the monarchy and European bankers.
Article 1, Sect. 9 of the Constitution sought to prohibit the International Bar Association or any other agency from granting titles of nobility. The Constitution was ignored and agents of the monarchy continued to infiltrate and influence the government as in the Jay Treaty and the US Bank charter incidents. Therefore, a "title of nobility" amendment that specified a penalty (loss of citizenship) was proposed in 1789 and again in 1810. The meaning of the amendment is seen in its intent to prohibit persons having titles of nobility and loyalties to foreign governments and bankers from voting, holding public office or using their skills to subvert the government.
The missing amendment is referred to as the "title of nobility" Amendment, but the second prohibition against "honour" (honor), may be more significant.
The archaic definition of "honor," as used in the 13 Amendment, meant anyone obtaining or having an advantage or privilege over another." A contemporary example of "honor" granted to only a few Americans is the privilege of being a judge. Lawyers can be judges and exercise the attendant privileges and powers non-lawyers can not.
By prohibiting "honors" the Amendment prohibits any advantage or privilege that would grant some citizens an unequal opportunity to achieve or exercise political power. The second meaning (intent) of the 13 Amendment is to ensure political equality among all American citizens, by prohibiting anyone, even government officials, from claiming or exercising special privilege or power (an "honor") over other citizens.
For example, anyone who had a specific "immunity" from lawsuits which were not afforded to all citizens, would be enjoying a separate privilege, and "honor" and would therefore forfeit his right to vote or hold public office. Just think of the "immunities" from lawsuits that your judges, lawyers, politicians, and bureaucrats currently enjoy. Or "special interest" legislation your government passes. "Special interests" are simply euphemisms for "special privileges" or Honors.
Without their current personal immunities (honors), your judges and IRS agents would be unable to abuse common citizens without fear of legal liability. Your entire government would have to conduct itself according to the same standards of decency, respect, law, and liability as the rest of the nation. Your government's ability to systematically coerce and abuse the public would be all but eliminated under the 13th Amendment.
Now you know why the bankers and lawyers secretly replaced the 13th amendment. Had they not, you would have the government our founding fathers intended when they passed the 13th Amendment, a government of the people, by the people, and for the people, a government whose members were truly accountable to the people; a government that could not systematically exploit its own people.
Maryland, Dec. 25, 1810
Tennessee, Nov. 21, 1811
Kentucky, Jan 31, 1811
Georgia, Dec. 13, 1811
Ohio, Jan 31, 1811
North Carolina, Dec.23, 1811
Delaware, Feb 2, 1811
Massachusetts, Feb. 27, 1812
Pennsylvania, Feb. 6, 1811
New Hampshire, Dec. 10, 1812
New Jersey, Feb. 13, 1811
Virginia, March 10, 1819
Vermont, Oct 24, 1811
The War of 1812 broke out with England. By the time the war ended in 1614 the British had burned the capitol, the library of congress, and most of the records of the first 38 years of government.
Then Virginia ratified the 13th Amendment on March 10, 1819. This completed the 13 states required to ratify an amendment. (Virginia Legislature Act No. 260, Virginia Archives of Richmond, file, page 299, micro-film). It was published by printing 4,000 copies, triple the usual order, with instructions to send a copy to President James Monroe, James Madison and Thomas Jefferson.
Then it was shown as an amendment to the Constitution.
The 14th amendment was the slavery amendment. Now the 13th Amendment is missing.
Word spread of the ratification and the following occurred:
"1.) If any citizen of the United States shall accept, claim, receive, or retain, any title of nobility or honor, or shall, without the consent of congress, accept and retain any present, pension, office or emolument of any kind whatever, from any emperor, king, prince, or foreign power, such person shall cease to be a citizen of the United States, and shall be incapable of holding any office of trust or profit under them, or either of them. "
If any citizen of the United States shall accept, claim, receive, or retain, any title of nobility or honor ----
Do you call your judge, "your honor?"
Ask your Lawyer what that Esq. or Esquire means at the end of his name .
Your judges are immune to prosecution. Your judge is your honor and God. If you do not believe it go to court and watch and listen.
Your politicians abuse you, steal from you and make themselves immune to prosecution.
Your government abuses you, poisons you with radioactive waste and takes away your freedom.
The IRS abuses you. The IRS is not a Federal Agency but a collection agency for the Fed Bank, yet people of special privilege. The Fed Bank is owned by a majority, and those being foreign investors.
was never ratified
The 16th Amendment to the Constitution was never ratified by the required states. But even if it had, it says there are
a.) Import tax
b.) Export tax
c.) Excise tax (Sales tax)
(A) says the only people that can be taxed
by income tax are Federal Employees.
An agreement made back at the beginning of Government was if you are a Federal Employee you agree to a kick back tax when you go to work for them. Thank God for people like David M. Dodge.
David M. Dodge may be contacted at: P. O. Box 985, Toas, New Mexico, 87571.
His research has enabled me to state the foregoing facts on the 13th Amendment to the Constitution of The United States.
[Forest Glen Durland asks that you alert your Congress Persons to this information. Copies of the article can be obtained from the Oregon Observer for a very nominal fee. Forest obtained twenty copies of the entire issue and is distributing them to his Congressional representatives as well as to local schools and colleges.]
Now read Income Tax Is Unconstitutional.
Read the original 13th Amendment printed in 1825 (copy certified as correct.)
This article was reproduced with the kind permission of the Oregon Observer, "Demanding Accountability." The issue is April 1997. This monthly newspaper is highly recommended. Subscription rates are $29.50 for 12 monthly issues. For more details copy their web address listed below and paste it into the location space at the top of Netscape Navigator. Then press return:
Paul Kraxberger is editor and Ed Snook is Head of Investigation for the Oregon Observer. A companion paper, the Idaho Observer, is available.
Their web site is also a handy place to find and read the Constitution and the Bill of Rights. Their list of links will lead you to more reading pertinent to salvaging our government.