Buried beneath the deep waters lie ruins of fascinating and marvellous ancient kingdoms that today are nothing than lost memories of the past.
Many advanced ancient civilizations ended due to earthquakes, tsunamis or other natural disasters. Precious objects and ruins of ancient cities are lost in the depths of lakes, seas and oceans worldwide.
Archaeologists are aware of that there are many ancient secrets at the bottom of the oceans and we can learn more about our ancestors with help of emerging technologies that provide us with an opportunity to explore the depths as never before.
|Lost for 1,600 years, the kingdom of Cleopatra was discovered off the shores of Alexandria, Egypt.
Cleopatra VII Philopator, known to history as Cleopatra, was the last pharaoh of Ancient Egypt.
She was a member of the Ptolemaic dynasty, a family of Greek origin that ruled Egypt after Alexander the Great's death during the Hellenistic period
It is commonly believed that the Cleopatra's empire was destroyed by an earthquake and tidal waves
Scientists think that the entire city was completely submerged, along with all the artifacts, statues, columns and other beauties of the palace of Cleopatra.
Underwater statues and artifacts could tell us more about Queen Cleopatra.
A sunken statue discovered underwater outside of Egypt.
A team of marine archaeologists, led by Frenchman, Franck Goddio, began excavating the ancient city in 1998.
"It's a unique site in the world," said Goddio, who has spent two decades searching for shipwrecks and lost cities below the seas.
Today, these ancient statues are like forgotten memories of the past.
Once this was part of Cleopatra's kingdom.
It was a great surprise to discover that several artifacts remained largely intact. Amongst the discoveries were the foundations of the palace, shipwrecks, red granite columns, and statues of the goddess Isis and a sphinx.
Among the massive limestone blocks toppled in the fourth century was a huge quartzite block with an engraving of a pharaoh. An inscription indicates it depicts Seti I, father of Ramses II.
Divers also discovered a colossal stone head believed to be of Caesarion, son of Cleopatra and previous lover Julius Caesar, and two sphinxes, one of them probably representing Cleopatra's father, Ptolemy XII.
A lion statue standing underwater.
Mysterious ancient figures buried beneath the water.
The Egyptian Government plans to create an underwater museum and hold tours of the site. We have this as an open field for archaeology," Goddio said.
It is a truly amazing underwater site for archaeologists who have so far discovered 20,000 sunken treasure objects.